skip to content
Menu

Francis M. Boykin Civil War Papers
31st Virginia Infantry Regiment
Manuscript #00232

Civil War Manuscripts home

 Francis Boykin portrait

View original documents 

About this Collection:
The collection consists Civil War papers (8 items, all dated 1861), including two commission documents, extracts from orders, a letter from Gov. John Letcher ordering Boykin to proceed to Grafton and communicate with Col. Thomas J. Jackson (Stonewall), one letter bearing the signature of Gen. Robert E. Lee.

Francis Marshall Boykin was born in Isle of Wight County, Virginia on March 1, 1837. His ancestors fought in the Revolutionary War and the War of 1812, and his father, General Francis Boykin, was a member of the Virginia Senate. Boykin entered the Virginia Military Institute in July 1853 and graduated in 1856. He engaged in teaching until 1861. During the Civil War, he served as a Lt. Colonel in the 31st Virginia Infantry Regiment. Boykin served throughout the war and was briefly imprisoned at Johnson's Island. After the war, he was in the tobacco business in Richmond, Virginia. Boykin married Ellen B. George, and they had three children (Hamilton, Anna, Ellen). He died on May 5, 1906 in Richmond.

  1. Virginia Volunteers commission document, April 29, 1861. Appointing Boykin to rank of Major; signed by Governor John Letcher.
  2. Letter, April 29, 1861, from Governor John Letcher. Orders Boykin to proceed to Grafton and contact Col. Thomas J. Jackson. 
  3. Letter, April 29, 1861, from Maj. General Robert E. Lee. Signature is in Lee's hand. Orders Boykin to muster into service volunteer companies and to take position near Grafton to protect the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad.
  4. General Orders No. 4, April 29, 1861. Headquarters, Richmond. Officers required to submit returns of their commands and to abide by regulations concerning military correspondence.
  5. General Orders No. 5, April 29, 1861. Headquarters, Richmond. Regarding officers' obligations with regard to expenditures and record keeping.
  6. General Orders No. 6, April 29, 1861. Headquarters, Richmond. Appointing Lt. Col. Henry Heth and Maj. James R. Crenshaw acting Quartermaster General and Acting Commissary General, respectively.
  7. Virginia Volunteers commission document, December 14, 1861. Appointing Boykin to rank of Lt. Colonel; signed by Governor John Letcher.
  8. Extract, Special Orders No. 267, December 16, 1861. Assigning Lt. Col. Boykin to the 31st Regiment Virginia Volunteers.