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Mrs. Ronda Dove
Administrative Assistant

P:  (540) 464-7361
F: (540) 464-7396

Center for Leadership & Ethics
VMI, Marshall Hall
500 Anderson Drive
Lexington, VA  24450

2016 Program -  Schedule Overview (scroll down)

The 2016 conference features a robust schedule of breakout sessions covering a wide variety of environmental issues.  The conference features pre-conference workshops, 43 breakout sessions, which include Upcoming Procurement Opportunities 2016-2018, Hot Topics with State Environmental Leaders, and a session on exploring environmental career opportunities.  Returning are our  5-Star Reception and 5-K Run/1 mi. Walk benefit. 

Download the full conference program booklet here - centerfold is the breakout sessions or click on one of the links below to see only the breakout sessions 'matrix.'

 See an image of the breakout sessions here (drag the corner to expand the image, wait for it to focus): 2016 EV Matrix Download the PDF schedule here

Scroll down on this page to see the overview of the program by day. 


Tuesday, April 5 
8:00 am - 7:30 pmRegistration Marshall Hall Gallery
8:00 am - 4:00 pmExhibit set-up Marshall Hall
9:00 am - 3:00 pmPre-Conference Workshop(s) Moody Hall
4:00 pmSpecial session:  Upcoming Procurement Projects 2016-2018
 with select government agencies Gillis Theater
5:30 - 6:30 pmNetworking and refreshments
 Dinner on Your Own
Wednesday, April 6 
7:00 am – 3:00 pmRegistration Marshall Hall Gallery
7:00 – 8:30 am Buffet Breakfast Hall of Valor
7:30 am – 4:30 pmExhibit Hall Open Marshall Hall
8:30 amOpening Ceremony Gillis Theater
8:45 am Keynote Speaker: Terry McAuliffe, Virginia Governor Gillis Theater
10:00 – 11:30 amBreakout Session A
11:00 am – 12:15 pmEnvironmental Careers Session (for students) Nichols Auditorium
11:45 am –12:45 pm Breakout session B or Lunch
11:45 am – 2:15 pm LUNCH Buffet Hall of Valor
1:15 – 2:15 pm Breakout Session C or Lunch
2:30 – 4:30 pm Hot Topics with State Environmental Leaders Gillis Theater
4:30 – 5:30 pmFacilitated Speed Table Networking Hall of Valor
5:30 – 6:30 pmReception Hall of Valor
6:30 – 8:30 pm5 Star Reception by invitation only Moody Hall
 Dinner on your own
Thursday, April 7 
7:00 am – 12 pmRegistration Marshall Hall Gallery
7:00 am – 8:00 am5K Run and 1 Mi. Walk VMI North Post/Jordan Point Park
7:00 am – 1:00 pmExhibit Hall Open Marshall Hall
7:00 - 8:30 amBuffet Breakfast Hall of Valor
8:45 –  9:30 am Keynote Speaker: Marc Edwards, Virginia Tech Professor Gillis Theater
9:30 amErchul Award  Gillis Theater
10:15 am – 12:00 pmDEQ Regulatory Updates Gillis Theater
12:30 – 2:00 pmTicketed Plated Lunch and Awards Ceremony Hall of Valor



Air Quality Regulation and Policy
Session 1: Air Quality and Regulation *Developed in Coordination with Air and Waste Management Association South Atlantic States Section* 

Moderator: TBD

·        Virginia Air Quality: Trends, Exposure, and Respiratory Health Impacts

James Blando, Ph.D., Old Dominion University

Air quality is an important determinant of public health and quality of life.  A secondary data analysis was carried out to investigate trends and air quality in Virginia.  The analysis included an evaluation of two major air pollution source categories, emission of criteria and hazardous air pollutants, ambient concentrations of criteria pollutants, ozone standard violations and associated meteorology, and hospital admissions for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in Virginia.  Comparisons were also made to national trends and statistics.  Data was gathered from many open reputable on-line sources available through various state and federal agencies.  Virginia routinely meets 5 of the 6 criteria air pollutant ambient standards.  Ozone does continue to represent a challenge for Virginia, as it does for many other states.  Potential focus on further production and consumption of renewable energy, improvement in fuel efficiency among SUV’s and light trucks, reduction of the metals content in fuels burned by electric utilities, utilization of emissions inspections for automobiles, utilization of vapor recovery systems at gas stations, and continued emphasis on ozone precursors all have the potential to further improve air quality within Virginia.  This is important because the very young and the elderly are particularly vulnerable to the adverse effects of poor air quality.    

·        Ozone Standard: What is New and What is the Plan for Ozone Plans

Megan H. Berge, J.D., Partner, Baker Botts, LLP 

National ambient air quality standards form the foundation of most stationary source programs under the Clean Air Act.  Due to the statutory schedule for such standards to be revised, and the litigation that typically plagues revisions to those standards, their implementation and the programs that depend on them is constantly changing. This presentation will address implementation issues and legal challenges associated with both the 2008 and 2015 ozone standards, with a particular focus on state obligations to eliminate the interstate transport of relevant pollutants. 

Session 2: Climate Regulation: Paris, Obama’s Climate Action Plan and the Clean Power Plan *Developed in Coordination with Air and Waste Management Association South Atlantic States Section*

Moderator: C. Flint Webb, Project Manager, Leidos, Engineering & Technology Solutions Division

·        Overview of the Climate Action Plan, Paris Meeting and Clean Power Plan & Status of Legal Challenges

Will Cleveland, Staff Attorney, Southern Environmental Law Center

·        Virginia’s Compliance with the Clean Power Plan

Dawone Robinson, Virginia Policy Director, Chesapeake Climate Action Network

The Environmental Protection Agency has finalized new regulations to limit carbon emissions from the U.S. power sector. The Clean Power Plan requires Virginia to submit a suitable state plan that meets new federal targets designed to curb carbon emissions which leads to climate change. The panel will provide information regarding Virginia's possible paths to compliance, as well as discuss the implications and benefits implementing the plan will have on consumers, industry, and the environment in the Commonwealth.

·        Trading under the CPP and Impact on Electricity Supply and Demand

Francis Hodsoll, SolUnesco

·   Recent Developments in Methane Regulation of Hydraulic Fracturing Activities

Christine Ng, Ph.D., Ramboll Environ

Extracting unconventional natural gas using hydraulic fracturing (or “fracing”) has rapidly expanded in the U.S. since the 1980s.  While much of the public attention has focused on drilling activity in the Marcellus Shale in Pennsylvania and West Virginia, the Barnett Shale in Texas, the Bakken Shale in North Dakota and Montana, and the Wattenberg field in Colorado, hydraulic fracturing has also occurred in the development of coalbed methane wells in southwest Virginia since the 1950s.  The growth of unconventional natural gas development nationwide has raised concerns about releases of methane, a greenhouse gas, to the atmosphere due to venting and leaks.  USEPA has estimated a national average leak rate of 1.5% of total production.  Recent proposed and new rules at the federal and state level have sought to reduce methane emissions from hydraulic fracturing through improved technology, emission controls, and monitoring.  Certain states have led the way in requiring emission reduction measures such as “green completions” and optical gas imaging techniques, which has spurred adoption by other states and by the federal government.  This presentation provides an overview for the layperson on how these rules affect emission sources and processes used in hydraulic fracturing and discusses what regulatory developments at the federal level and in nearby states like Pennsylvania and West Virginia might mean for Virginia.

Session 3: Air Permits: Developments, Trends and Best Practices *Developed in Coordination with Air and Waste Management Association South Atlantic States Section*

Moderator: George R. Namie, Senior Air Quality Specialist, Leidos

·        Overview of Recent Developments: NAAQS, Citizen Challenges, Aggregation

Daniel B. Schulson, J.D., Beveridge & Diamond, P.C. 

The panelist will discuss recent developments that have air permitting implications, including those relating to GHGs, and EPA’s regulatory actions relating to startup, shutdown and malfunction (SSM SIP call).  In addition, the panelist will discuss notable recent court decisions, such as those affecting source aggregation and statute of limitations issues, and how they affect permitting both at the federal and state levels.  

·        Air Permitting – A State Perspective

Tamera Thompson, Manager, Office of Air Permit Programs, Virginia DEQ

VA DEQ’s perspective on some of the current air permitting issues. Topics covered will include the incorporation of start-up and shutdown requirements in permits as a result of recent EPA lawsuits and EPA’s SSM SIP Call, greenhouse gas (GHG) permitting, and trends with Title V fees.

·        Cost Reductions through Predictive Emissions Monitoring

Matt Traister, Vice President, O’Brien & Gere

Session 4: Enforcement of Air Regulations *Developed in Coordination with Air and Waste Management Association South Atlantic States Section*

Moderator: TBD

·   Federal Enforcement Trends and Recent Developments and NextGen Enforcement Tools

Alec Zacaroli, J.D., Haynes and Boone

This presentation will focus on EPA’s “Next Generation” enforcement initiative, providing an overview of the key principles and policies behind this approach, followed by a particular focus on the empowerment and role of non-governmental organizations (including citizens) in the enforcement process.  We will look, in particular, at how increased scrutiny by citizen groups and other players could alter the enforcement landscape in coming years.

·        Air Compliance and Enforcement – A State Perspective

Kerri Nicholas, Director of Air Enforcement, Virginia DEQ

Todd Alonzo, Manager – Officer of Air Compliance Coordination, Virginia DEQ 

This presentation will provide an overview of air compliance and enforcement activities in recent years around the Commonwealth.  We will discuss inspection planning and strategies, regional and central office roles and coordination of cases with EPA.

·        Title TBD

Eric Schaeffer, Director, Environmental Integrity Project



Chesapeake Bay

Session 1: Assessing our Progress in Restoring the Chesapeake Bay I

Moderator: Ann Jennings, Virginia Director, Chesapeake Bay Commission

·        Chesapeake Bay Track – Stream Monitoring Trends

Jeffrey Chanat, Hydrologist, U.S. Geological Survey

·        Chesapeake Bay Progress 2015

James Davis-Martin, Chesapeake Bay Program Manager, Virginia DEQ

With the establishment of the Chesapeake Bay TMDL in 2010, the Bay Program Partnership also established a framework for assessing implementation and load reduction progress.  The framework called for the development of 2-year programmatic milestones and annual reporting of BMP implementation data for simulation using the Chesapeake Bay Watershed Model.  The resulting Annual Progress loads from the model, along with reported programmatic milestones accomplishments are the measure by which Bay jurisdiction’s efforts in achieving the Bay TMDL goals are assessed.  This session will present Virginia’s model simulated load reduction progress through 2015 and describe the key findings that will help guide adaptive management as the Partnership approaches the 2017 mid-point assessment.

·        Progress Assessment – An NGO Perspective

Peggy Sanner, Virginia Assistant Director and Senior Attorney, Chesapeake Bay Foundation

Session 2: Assessing our Progress in Restoring the Chesapeake Bay II

Moderator: Andrienne Kotula, Government Affairs and Policy Manager, James River Association

·        Chesapeake Bay Track – Estuary Monitoring Trends

Rebecca Murphy, Assistant Research Scientist, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science

Water quality trends in the Virginia tidal waters of the Chesapeake Bay, including the mainstream and tributaries, will be presented for parameters including chlorophyll-a, dissolved oxygen, and nutrients.  These trends are being evaluated for significant patterns and changes over time, especially as related to nutrient loads and management actions in the watershed.  We will discuss our current work using Generalized Additive Models (GAMs) to link the water quality trends to nutrient loads with consideration of possible nonlinear relationships over time and impacts of physical and climatic forces.

·        Assessment of James River CHLa Criteria

Dr. Paul A. Bukaveckas, Virginia Commonwealth University, Department of Biology, Center for Environmental Studies

Determining whether CHLa criteria are protective requires an assessment of threats posed by algal blooms to aquatic life designated uses and the degree to which these threats would be abated if the criteria were attained.  Protectiveness may be judged by various approaches which can be broadly delineated as reference-based (i.e., attaining conditions as would be expected in the absence of the stressor, or in a least-impaired state), and effects-based (mitigating observed deleterious effects of the stressor).  The criteria developed by VADEQ used a reference approach based largely on phytoplankton community attributes.  We tested these criteria using an effects-based approach to assess their protectiveness.  The effects-based analysis provided an independent approach for evaluating the reference-based criteria, and a basis for quantifying the expected benefits of attaining CHLa criteria in a form directly relevant to stakeholders.  The use of an effects-based approach also provided a means to consider multiple lines of evidence representing the various mechanisms by which algal blooms adversely affect aquatic life designated uses.  These included water quality conditions (pH, dissolved oxygen, water clarity), phytoplankton community attributes (diversity, evenness, multimetric indices) and occurrence of harmful algae.   

·        Problems with James River Algae blooms extend beyond Dead Zones

Joe Wood, Virginia Staff Scientist, Chesapeake Bay Foundation

As result of substantial increases in nutrient loads due to anthropogenic forces, the James River Estuary has become a very degraded, eutrophic system.  This system experiences depleted levels of dissolved oxygen (DO) due to algal blooms, which have been well documented.  However, this impact is not the only problematic consequence of enhanced algal blooms associated with nutrient pollution.  The James also experiences Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs) which have the capacity to produce carcinogenic toxins and threaten fisheries and wildlife.  Algal blooms can lead to other issues as well such as reduced water clarity, toxic pH levels, and degraded food quality for aquatic food webs.   This scientific study and the use of chlorophyll criteria provide an opportunity to inform stakeholders and improve environmental quality of the James River Estuary. 

Session 3: Adapting Local Chesapeake Bay Implementation Programs

Moderator: Ann Swanson, Executive Director, Chesapeake Bay Commission

·        Regional Phase II WIP Recommendations – Hits and Misses

Whitney Katchmark, Principal Water Resources Planner, Hampton Roads Planning District Commission

In 2012, HRPDC developed regional recommendations based on Virginia’s Phase II Chesapeake Bay TMDL Watershed Implementation Plan (WIP) including future research and model revisions, policy and funding needs and 18 alternate BMPs that were not included in the Bay model. The presentation will analyze which recommendations were adopted and which have failed to gain acceptance.

·        Prince George’s County CBP3 Experience

Melissa Cutter, VP – Partnership Development, Corvias Solutions

·        Chesapeake Bay Track – Virginia Conservation Assistance Program

Alyson Sappington, District Manager, Thomas Jefferson Soil and Water Conservation District

Kevin McLean, VCAP Coordinator, Virginia Association of Soil & Water Conservation Districts

Kendall Tyree, Executive Director, Virginia Association of Soil & Water Conservation Districts

The Virginia Conservation Assistance Program (VCAP) is a new program of the Virginia Association of Soil & Water Conservation Districts focusing on urban gaps identified in Virginia’s Watershed Implementation Plan. VCAP provides financial reimbursement to property owners installing specific conservation practices. A plan is first proposed to the District, after which a site visit verifies the projects eligibility, and with approval installation can begin. These practices can be installed in small acreage settings, at the source of stormwater discharges. All non-agricultural property owners in the identified districts are eligible to apply – residential, business, public, and private. The Virginia Conservation Assistance Program (VCAP), created three years ago by four SWCDs operating under the umbrella of the VASWCD urban committee, began the pilot program to address WIP needs. The VASWCD continues to expand the existing VCAP program now providing funding and assistance to all conservation districts wholly or partially in the Chesapeake Bay watershed.

Session 4: Protecting the Bay: Forest Retention and Nutrient Reduction Studies

Moderator:James Davis-Martin, Chesapeake Bay Program Manager, Virginia DEQ

·        Nutrient reduction strategies for coastal communities in the Chesapeake Bay

Kendall Effler, James Madison University

Thomas Kaisen, James Madison University

Jesse McWilliams, James Madison University

The project aims to propose a wastewater treatment system focusing on a tertiary treatment system to reduce nutrients for the coastal region of Bluff Point in Northumberland County, Virginia. The nutrients to be reduced are nitrogen and phosphorus in the forms of ammonia and phosphates. These nutrients reduce the dissolved oxygen in the Bay waters and affects the aquatic ecosystems. Local economies depend on the Chesapeake Bay for a large source of income. Improving the water quality of the Bay can assist in maintaining these economies. Septic tank effluent is a cause of nutrient loading to the Chesapeake Bay. Septic tank effluent containing nitrogen and phosphorus enter drainage fields where they can enter the Bay waters thorough infiltration to groundwater or in runoff. Due to Northumberland County’s proximity to the Chesapeake Bay, it is important that the effluent of the treated wastewater does not increase the nutrient concentrations of the Bay waters. Nutrient emissions from septic tank effluent were evaluated for a coastal community in Northumberland County and small-scale nutrient reduction methods were successfully conducted in a lab setting. The adoption of a sustainable, cost-effective wastewater treatment plant may be suitable for replacing septic tanks in Northumberland County. A tertiary system may be a sustainable solution for decreasing nitrogen and phosphorus entering the Chesapeake Bay and subsequently improving the health and water quality of the Bay.

·        Chesapeake Bay Track – “Valuing Forest Retention in the Chesapeake Bay Watershed”

Mark Bryer, Chesapeake Bay Program Director, The Nature Conservancy

The sustained health of the Chesapeake Bay and its rivers depends on actions that both restore and protect water quality.  A recently completed study, led by the Virginia Department of Forestry, examined how forest conservation could help meet the Bay’s Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL).  The results were stark: nearly 3 million pounds of new pollution could be avoided and over $120 million could be saved in the Rappahannock study area alone if additional provisions to protect forests are put in place.  A second phase of this study is being initiated to build local consensus on policies, practices and incentives that can stimulate the retention of forestland.  It will also build a "Commonwealth to Commonwealth" peer exchange between Virginia and Pennsylvania to replicate the experience from the Rappahannock in a central Pennsylvania watershed.  Both studies are informing broader policy options that can help states and localities meet their clean water goals in more cost effective ways.

Session 5: Innovating Local Stormwater Management Efforts

Moderator: Melanie Davenport, Director, Water Division, Virginia DEQ

·        Optimizing Stormwater BMP Selection for Compliance with Virginia’s Runoff Reduction Method

Clayton Hodges, PE, Virginia Tech

Recent changes to stormwater regulations in the Commonwealth focusing on a more sustainable approach to management strategies led to the development of the Virginia Runoff Reduction Method (VRRM), which provides a system for nutrient and runoff reduction tracking based on established removal efficiencies through distributed stormwater management networks (treatment trains).  Although the VRRM method provides a significant design tool for engineers, complexity of integrated designs and a tendency for designers to use familiar treatment devices can yield sub-optimal results when attempting to select the best management practice (BMP) treatment combinations for individual sites.  Optimization of BMP selection requires an unbiased approach to compare and evaluate suitable candidate BMPs or BMP combinations based on defined site constraints and other pertinent selection criteria.  Virginia Tech, with support by the Virginia Department of Transportation (VDOT), has developed software integrating VRRM treatment train calculation procedures with optimization algorithms to aid in BMP selection.  Optimization algorithms in the software utilize a combination of physical site data (drainage areas, site constraints, etc.) and user rankings of selection criterion (aesthetics, cost, etc.) to cycle through logical combinations of BMPs meeting pollutant removal thresholds for the site.  Output is ranked according to ‘strength’ of particular combinations to simultaneously achieve both regulatory and user-defined selection criteria.

·        Press the Easy Button for MS4 Compliance

James Kelly, PE, Michael Baker International

Sabu Paul, PE, Ph.D., PMP, Michael Baker International

Elizabeth Krousel, PE, Michael Baker International

David Cotnoir, PE, Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Mid-Atlantic

This presentation discusses three tools developed to help the Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Mid-Atlantic, cost-effectively comply with their Virginia MS4 Phase II permit.  The first tool, which is GIS based, will help them evaluate and plan for the large number of potential BMPs that could potentially address the Chesapeake Bay TMDL. The tool was based on information in the Virginia Phase I and II MS4 permits, as well as the Chesapeake Bay TMDL Action Plan Guidance data (Virginia Department of Environmental Quality). The second tool, a database developed using Microsoft® Access, provides the NAVFAC Mid-Atlantic with easy access to information on all of their existing structural BMPs.  Baker is currently developing a third tool, which will streamline the generation of over 100 conceptual designs for BMPs to be implemented at seven installations covered under NAVFAC Mid-Atlantic’s Regional MS4 permit. The feasibility assessment portion of the tool will determine if there is enough available land and adequate depth for the proposed BMP and whether the BMP can tie into the existing storm sewer system.  A cost estimate report will be created based on common material, labor, and equipment needs to construct the type of BMP proposed.  The final portion of the conceptual design tool will create a maintenance plan for the proposed BMPs.

·        Bending the Cost Curve for Localities to Implement Expensive Stormwater Retrofits

Joe Lerch, Director of Environmental Policy, Virginia Municipal League

Local governments in Virginia will be required through Municipal Separate Storm Sewer System (MS4) permits to meet pollution reduction targets as specified in the Chesapeake Bay TMDL. This will entail a rebuilding of existing urban infrastructure that has been estimated in the range of 9 to 11 billion dollars. This is almost ten times the amount that Virginia and its localities have spent to reduce pollution from wastewater treatment plants. Absent significant federal assistance, Virginia lacks either an adequate revenue stream and/or debt capacity to implement these retrofits. This presentation will explore options for reducing the costs to Virginia and its local governments to make these expensive retrofits.

Session 6: Improving Decision Support Tools

Moderator: Whitney Katchmark, Principal Water Resources Planner, Hampton Roads Planning District Commission

·        Chesapeake Bay Track – Land Cover Project/Phase 6 Land Use

Lyndsay Duncan, Project Manager, WorldView Solutions, Inc.

The Virginia Department of Environmental Quality (VDEQ) and the Virginia Geographic Information Network (VGIN) have partnered with WorldView Solutions, Inc., a Richmond-based GIS and technology consulting firm, to develop a 1-meter resolution land cover GIS dataset statewide. The final, publically-available raster and vector data products will serve as a valuable resource to Virginia localities calculating impervious land area for stormwater management; detecting change related to development; and future land use planning. These land cover products will be sufficiently documented and segmented to support further sub-classification by stakeholders seeking additional granularity. Land cover areas developed within the Chesapeake Bay Watershed will serve as Virginia’s land use input to the Chesapeake Bay Program’s Phase 6 suite of modeling tools. This presentation will provide an overview of the specifications and methodologies used in development of the Commonwealth’s land cover product.

·        Chesapeake Bay Track – Phase 6 Model

Rich Batiuk, Associate Director for Science, Analysis and Implementation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

·        Optimization

Olivia Devereux, MS, Devereux Consulting

Session 7: Planning for the Bay Goal Line

Moderator: Ann Jennings, Virginia Director, Chesapeake Bay Commission

·        Chesapeake Bay Track - Verification

Rich Batiuk, Associate Director for Science, Analysis and Implementation, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

·        Phase III WIP Stakeholder Assessment

Frank Dukes, Ph.D., University of Virginia – Institute for Environmental Negotiation

EPA will be developing expectations for jurisdictions’ development of Phase III Watershed Implementation Plans (WIPs) in 2017-2018 in which they will outline a strategy for implementing practices necessary to meet Bay TMDL allocations by 2025. Many Chesapeake Bay Program partners recognize that Phase III needs more fully to engage local partners. The purpose of this stakeholder assessment was to inform improvements to the WIP development, evaluation, implementation and oversight processes so that the Phase III WIPs create effective plans for implementation through 2025. This assessment is based on conversations with 122 individuals from federal, state, and local government, the private sector, and non-governmental organizations. Because of the interest in learning what helped and what hindered local implementation, a substantial proportion of the conversations occurred with those directly involved with local efforts.

·        Chesapeake Bay Track – “Virginia’s Locality Outreach Approach for the Chesapeake Bay TMDL Watershed Implementation Plan (WIP) III”

Joan Salvati, Manager, Local Government Assistance Programs, Water Division, Virginia DEQ

As the jurisdictions within the Chesapeake Bay Watershed begin the planning process for the development of Chesapeake Bay TMDL Watershed Implementation Plan (WIP) III, a significant challenge will be to engage local elected officials, local staff and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and enlist their input on identifying pollutant reducing strategies to be used in the Phase III WIP.  Virginian is in the process of finalizing a work plan that will lay out a locality outreach approach that includes three phases of the WIP III planning process: education on process and expectations; strategy development; and WIP Drafting.  This approach has been based on EPA’s Action Plan for Increased Local Partner Engagement and the Chesapeake Bay Program’s Phase III WIP Stakeholder Assessment. The outreach approach also builds on DEQ’s experience working with local governments on the Phase II WIP and the Chesapeake Bay Preservation Act and Stormwater program outreach initiatives.

Climate Change Impacts in Virginia

Session1:CollaborativeCoastal Virginia Adaptation Solutions

Moderator:Mary-Carson S. Stiff, Director of Policy,Wetlands Watch

·       CollaborativeCoastal Virginia Adaptation Solutions

Roy Hoagland, Co-Director,Virginia Coastal Policy Center, William & Mary Law School

Emily Steinhilber, AssistantDirector of Coastal Resilience Research, Old Dominion University

Marcia Berman, Director –Comprehensive Coastal Inventory Program, Center for Coastal ResourcesManagement, Virginia Institute of Marine Science

Theentities and individuals on this panel currently work together in CoastalVirginia to identify and implement solutions to help localities, businesses,and individuals prepare for the impacts of climate change, specificallyincreased flooding and storm-surge related to sea level rise. Many of ourefforts are collaborative, despite our varying organizational structures andaffiliations. We hope our presentations will illustrate the strength andsuccess of coordinated efforts to affect change.

Session2:HighSeas and Hurricanes


·       BeyondVulnerability Assessments: Informing Planning Decisions on Sea Level Rise

Benjamin McFarlane, SeniorRegional Planner, Hampton Roads Planning District Commission

Sealevel rise and flooding are major current and future threats for communities incoastal Virginia. Decision makers need actionable information to informadaptation decisions. GIS analysis can be used to provide this information,ranging from inundation projections and vulnerability assessments to estimatesof the impacts of flooding and sea level rise local tax revenue and the impactof sea level rise on regulatory programs. This presentation will provide anoverview of how GIS can be used to assist local governments in planning for sealevel rise.

·       BuildingResilience Amidst Virginia’s Rising Waters

Phoebe Crisman, AssociateProfessor, University of Virginia

Newstrategies are essential as climate change and sea level rise threatenVirginia’s coastal communities. Through a case study analysis of collaborativeresiliency research between the University of Virginia and several public andNGO partners in the Hampton Roads region, attendees will learn about strategiesfor creating successful academic/public sector partnerships. Participants willgain specific knowledge about a range of innovative, feasible, and translatableadaptive approaches for coastal resiliency, including wetland inundation parks,floating islands, and linear riparian parks. The presentation will also includespecific architectural and landscape proposals for the flood-threatened HarborPark district of Norfolk.

·       WhatVirginia can Learn from Hurricane Sandy Sludge Handling

Bill Meinert, PE, Vice President,O’Brien & Gere

Sandyjust missed the Mid-Atlantic states, significant rain but the flooding damagewas much greater up the Eastern seaboard. Impacts in the NJ/NY area will be highlighted along with specific USACEresponse to the Passaic Valley Sewerage Commission’s regional WWTP where floodwaters engulfed basements and many of the treatment processes.  Large utilities in the Mid-Atlantic were notable to assist due to their own flood response, and high costs to temporarilytreat and dispose of solids resulted. Lessons Learned that apply to facilities in VA will be reviewed, alongwith a current design project that needs to address a revised, much higherflood elevation as FEMA and States react to rising sea levels.

Session3:ChesapeakeBay Protection and Solutions

Moderator:Christine Robinson, Professor, James MadisonUniversity

·       NavyChesapeake Bay Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) Progress and Maximizing Rest

Sarah Diebel, Lead Coordinator,Navy Chesapeake Bay Program, Department of Defense

Dave Cotnior, Senior ProgramManager, Naval Facilities Engineering Command, Mid-Atlantic

TheDoD Chesapeake Bay Program continues to accomplish the goals outlined in thePresident's Executive Order 13508 and the 2014 Chesapeake Bay WatershedAgreement. The focus for many Navy installations is planning and implementingbest management practices (BMPs) to reduce nutrient and sediment loads requiredby the Chesapeake Bay total maximum daily load (TMDL).001211 BMPs such asconstructed wetlands, bioretention, extended detention basins, and oyster reefsare just a few methods the Navy is implementing to comply with Bay TMDLrequirements. To date, preliminary calculations indicate 5% reduction has beenmet for the municipal separate stormwater sewer system (MS4) permit with BMPsconstructed in 2009-2014. The results of the BMP Opportunity Assessmentsidentified 563 opportunities for implementation of BMPs within installations inthe Virginia AOR. To meet the additional reductions required to achieve the100% practices in place by 2025, approximately 200 BMP conceptual designs willbe used for planning and implementation at the identified locations. Theinformation presented will provide the current Navy approach to implement theCB TMDL, challenges and future initiatives. Additionally, under the sponsorshipof United States Fleet Forces Command, the Navy has undertaken several marinespecies monitoring projects in the Chesapeake Bay, enhancing our knowledge ofthe protected species that use the Bay as their habitat. Current effortsinclude tagging and tracking of endangered Atlantic sturgeon and severalspecies of sea turtles, as well as bottlenose dolphin surveys. These projectsare part of a broader investment by the Navy in marine species research.

·       Governor’sClimate Commission

Nikki Rovner, Associate StateDirector, The Nature Conservancy

GovernorMcAuliffe’s Climate Change and Resiliency Update Commission picked up whereGovernor Kaine’s Commission on Climate Change left off in 2008. Thispresentation will give an overview on the history of the McAuliffe Commission,the process the Commission used to consider and prioritize recommendations, andthe outcomes.

·       ResilienceGrant and Resiliency Solutions

Chris Thompson, Deputy Directorof Housing, Virginia Department of Housing and Community Development

The Commonwealth engaged in an intensiveproposal development process to address recurrent flooding and sea level risechallenges facing the Hampton Roads region. This collaborative effort resulted in a recent award of $120 million toprotect the economic vitality and quality of life by preparing now for the realimpacts of climate change and sea level rise. Through the process Virginiacreated an innovative living-with-water approach called “thRIVe: Resilience inVirginia.” The goal of this plan is to unite the region, create coastalresilience, build water management solutions, improve economic vitality andstrengthen vulnerable neighborhoods. This comprehensive approach is designed tocapitalize on the region’s strengths, convert risks and vulnerabilities intoeconomic opportunities, and demonstrate best practices for at-risk areasnationwide. Participation in Virginia’s effort has been broadly based, bringingtogether multiple state and federal agencies, local governments, institutionsof higher education, community groups, residents and private-sector partners.

Session 1: Case Studies: Collaboration for Effective Environmental Advocacy

Moderator: TBD

·        Building a “Triangle of Resistance” to a Mega Natural Gas Pipeline

Anita Puckett, Ph.D., Preserve Montgomery County, Virginia

The proposed construction of the Mountain Valley Pipeline (MVP), which is a 330 mile 42” diameter mega natural gas pipeline to transmit hydrofracked natural gas from northern West Virginia to Pittsylvania County, Virginia, poses to be critically destructive of over 100,000 acres of environmental resources.  These include, but are not limited to, endangered and threatened aquatic, faunal, and floral species through deforestation, forest fragmentation, stream sedimentation, and subterranean water pollution, as well as noise, air, and light pollution via compressor stations and pipe leakage. Virginia’s Department of Environmental Quality has indicated it will not be offering oversight to the construction and maintenance of this pipeline due to lack of resources. This presentation will discuss environmental protection activities by interstate grassroots citizen groups, working with regional and national environmental organizations, to protect these resources in the face of strong legal and federal regulatory support for the pipeline by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and by existing natural gas laws benefitting MVP.  The presentation includes how these efforts are producing a model for resistance using a three-pronged approach that involves integrated scientific; federal, state, and local political interventions; and mobilization of citizens and environmental organizations at the local, regional, national, and international levels.  This model may have applications to other organizations facing similar challenges for environmental preservation in Virginia.

·        Collaboration in Appalachia: the Clinch River Valley Initiative

Frank Dukes, Ph.D., University of Virginia – Institute for Environmental Negotiation

The Clinch River Valley Initiative (CRVI) is a collaborative effort in Southwest Virginia, focusing on the Clinch River Valley, one of the most biodiverse river systems in North America. Working at a watershed scale with many local partners, this grassroots effort has developed significant momentum with applicability for communities in Appalachia and beyond. Utilizing a consensus-based approach, project partners have developed goals for connecting downtown revitalization, outdoor recreation, water quality, entrepreneurship, and environmental education along the Clinch River, and are taking action to realize the prioritized goals. CRVI builds upon the unique cultural and ecological assets of the Clinch River to create new possibilities in the communities along the Clinch, particularly around environmental education, economic development, and entrepreneurship. CRVI connects to cultural and natural heritage efforts including Heartwood: Southwest Virginia’s Artisan Gateway, ‘Round the Mountain, Crooked Road, and other artisan networks and local efforts. CRVI has won several awards including most recently Scenic Virginia’s 2015 Scenic Tourism award.

Session 2: Solar Energy: Schools and Residential Communities

Moderator: TBD

·        Solar for Schools

Rebecca Lamb, Program Director, The NEED Project

The Solar for Schools program teaches students and communities about solar energy and photovoltaic systems.  Installations at four schools across the state and educator training along with classroom materials and production data give students a unique opportunity to explore renewable energy in their classrooms.

·        Avenues for Renewable Energy in Virginia K-12 Schools

Matthew Ruscio, Program and Policy Officer, Secure Futures, LLC

Scott Jefferies, Superintendent, Lexington City Schools

Mimi Elrod, Mayor, City of Lexington, Virginia

Anthony Smith, President/CEO, Secure Futures, LLC

K-12 public schools are charged with balancing budget objectives, while leading students in developing solutions to our world’s most complex challenges. Learn how Lexington City Schools (LCS) is teaming up with Virginia solar developer Secure Futures to install the largest solar photovoltaic system on a K-12 public school in the Shenandoah Valley. The 91.5-kilowatt system will be installed under a Power Purchase Agreement at no cost to the school district, and is projected to generate electricity savings beginning in the first year of operations. Learn how LCS approached solar, balancing the ethics of reducing their environmental footprint and increasing student educational opportunities, while also being good stewards of taxpayer resources.

·        Increasing Market Penetration of Residential Solar in Virginia

Gregory Von Wald, James Madison University

Cameron Stalker, James Madison University

Erika Murray, James Madison University

Solar photovoltaics have been a viable electricity generation option for decades, yet have not gained the market penetration needed to make significant impacts on an entrenched energy system. The aim of this thesis project is to provide and present a cartographic representation of current photovoltaic market penetration into residential electricity markets for use by small solar companies looking for geographic market trends. Utilizing a time-lapsed version of this tool, a spatial and temporal analysis was conducted in order to identify the events which catalyzed the consumer’s decision to install, including but not limited to community co-op initiatives and government incentives. Furthermore, all available residential solar customers were surveyed in order to concretely ascertain their motives for adoption and acquire consolidated feedback on the effectiveness of initiatives and incentives. With concerns of global climate change, national energy security, and local air quality at the forefront of the public’s mind, solar photovoltaic market penetration provides a comprehensive avenue towards a more sustainable Virginia.

Session 3: Construction, Sustainability and Energy Planning

Moderator: Chris Stone, President, ClarkNexsen

·        Chesapeake Bay Foundation’s Brock Environmental Center: An Energy Production Success Story

Chris Moore, Virginia Senior Scientist, Chesapeake Bay Foundation 

In 2015, the Chesapeake Bay Foundation (CBF) opened the doors to the Brock Environmental Center (BEC) in Virginia Beach, Virginia.  The building combines a host of technologies including solar panels, residential wind turbines, geothermal wells, ultra-tight walls, windows, and doors, extra insulation, and a sophisticated building management system to reduce power needs and generate all the electricity needed to run the building over the course of a year.  The building received LEED Platinum Certification in July, 2015 and CBF anticipates the BEC will become the first building in Virginia, and one of 10 buildings internationally to receive Living Building Certification in 2016.

·        Building a Sustainable Pavement System

Trenton Clark, Director of Engineering, Virginia Asphalt Association

Each year, Virginia uses over 9 million tons of asphalt concrete to construct, reconstruct, rehabilitate and maintain pavements.  To manufacture asphalt concrete, aggregates and asphalt binder are needed.  Initially, asphalt concrete was produced using virgin materials obtained from quarries and oil refineries.  However, over the last four decades more and more asphalt concrete was produced using recycled asphalt pavement materials.  Today, technology exists that allow pavements to be built and maintained using asphalt concrete that is 100% recycled.  These technologies and approaches are not only sustainable and environmentally friendly, but are economical and well-performing.  In addition to 100% recycled materials, new asphalt pavement structures are being used to clean storm water runoff.  Following VDOT specifications and accepted hydraulic design procedures, owners can install porous asphalt pavement structures to address water quality and maximize the use of available space.  This presentation will introduce new procedures to build sustainable pavements in terms of materials conservation and storm water management.

·        VirginiaSAVES Green Community Program – Flexible Financing for Energy Projects

Chris McDonald, Special Advisor for Energy Policy, Virginia DMME 

The Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy (“DMME”) has created the VirginiaSAVES Green Community Program (“Program”) to provide subsidized financing to private commercial and industrial, non-profit institutional and local government borrowers for energy efficiency, renewable energy, alternative fueling, and other qualified conservation purposes across the Commonwealth.  Using the Commonwealth’s allocations of Qualified Energy Conservation Bonds (“QECBs”), issued on a conduit basis by the Virginia Small Business Finance Authority for private borrowers and the Virginia Resource Authority for public borrowers, the Program works with third-party funding sources to provide subsidized financing for the Projects. Flexibility is the hallmark of VirginiaSAVES, as the Program aims to be as widely available as possible and designs all loan terms on a case-by-case basis.  As of February 2016, VirginiaSAVES had successfully closed on three projects totally over $15 million, with many more projects in the application stage.  The completed projects’ details will be presented as case studies at the Symposium.

Environmental Literacy

Session1:K-12Environmental Spotlight

Moderator:Mike Foreman, Director, Office ofEnvironmental Education, Virginia DCR

·        K-12 Energy & Environment Lessons thatwork

John Lord, Energy EducationSpecialist, Loudon County Public Schools

Participantswill be provided with several lessons that work as well as examples of howthese lessons have been put into action in Loudoun County Public Schools.  The goal of this presentation is to share howthese lessons were developed, share how they have been executed and received byvarious audiences and how others could potentially offer similar lessons in K12communities across the state. The lessons include: 1. Connecting the lightswitch to the environment - Participants learn where energy comes from and howenergy use (or non-use) impacts the environment. 2. Building audits and virtualauditing - Participants can become a part of the team, and they learn how theiractions can make a difference. 3. Squishy Circuits - Using Play Doughparticipants learn the basics of circuit construction as well as parallel,series, and short circuits. 4. Which bulb is better? - Participants can learnabout life cycle cost analysis and how to measure the cost of one lightingsource compared to another. 5. The Convincer - A human powered electricitygenerator allows people to feel for themselves the difference between theenergy consumption of one light source compared to another. Everyone leavesconvinced. 6. Vampire hunting - Vampire electronics are everywhere, in surprisingplaces and creating a surprising impact. These normally invisible creatures areidentified and their impacts are researched, in the end we teach students how"kill" them.

·       TheChildren are our Future: Influencing Environmental Behavior Change

Christine Yott, EnvironmentalSpecialist, Michael Baker International

Elizabeth Krousel, ProgramManager, Michael Baker International

Whenimplementing programs to increase environmental awareness and encouragesustainable choices, we often think about trying to affect change at home or atthe office.  Marine Corps Base CampLejeune in Jacksonville, North Carolina recognizes that to truly affectlong-term change, reaching children also is necessary.  Camp Lejeune sponsors an Earth Day Expo eachApril where students are the main focus. The Expo includes stations with eye-catching exhibits such asinteractive, hands-on displays.  As partof the Expo, the installation organizes a poster design contest that featuresthe year’s Earth Day theme, and the winning designs are printed onT-shirts.  Camp Lejeune also conducts anenvironmental education campaign each October to coincide with Energy ActionMonth.  Expanding the efforts toencourage Marines and staff to reduce energy consumption, Camp Lejeunecoordinates with the child development centers to educate youth.  To advertise both the Earth Day and EnergyAction Month events, Camp Lejeune uses a variety of media, includingtraditional posters and flyers as well as Facebook and Twitter feeds. 

·       AssessingPotential Habitats for Brook Trout Sustainability: Can a High School Team Meetthe Challenge?

Katrina White, James Madison HighSchool, Fairfax County Public Schools

Jackson Ayers, James Madison HighSchool, Fairfax County Public Schools

Howwill species adapt to environmental conditions associated with climatechange?  The eastern brook trout(Salvelinus fontinalis), Virginia’s state fish, has been deemed a “principalindicator” species due to its sensitivity to such changes.  With only 9% of Virginia’s native brook troutrange still intact, the Chesapeake Bay Program has set a goal of restoring up toan additional 8% of headwater streams within the Chesapeake Bay watershed by2025.  Over the last three years,students at James Madison High School (Vienna, VA), employing cutting edgefield science methodology, have provided volunteer-collected data to VA DGIFfor rapid screening of brook trout sustainability in study streams.  The data may possibly be used to prioritizeDGIF’s efforts for further investigation.

Session2:Virginia’sCenters for Educational Excellence


·       GrowingUp Green: A successful model of public/private partnership

Elise Sheffield, EducationDirector, Boxerwood Nature Center & Woodland Garden

Thispresentation offers a case study of a successful public/private partnershipthat enables one rural county to meet Gov. McAuliffe’s environmental literacy  challenge for school divisions. Project NEST(Nurturing Environmental Stewardship Together) is a ten-year collaborationbetween 3 public schools divisions, a private, not-for-profit local naturecenter and community partners. It ensures all K -8 students in RockbridgeCounty engage in high-quality field-based environmental education every year. Atwin focus on student field programs and teacher development results inadditional stewardship projects back at schools. For these efforts, 9 of 10 schoolsserved by Project NEST received 2015 recognition as “Virginia NaturallySchools,” a DGIF honor bestowed on only 45 other schools statewide--andBoxerwood Nature Center was recognized by DCR as one of the state’s firstfourteen “Centers for Environmental Excellence.” The presentation will outlinestrategies employed by the NEST model and address past and present challenges.

·       TheContributions of Virginia’s Centers for Environmental Education Excellence toEnvironmental Literacy

Gregory Eaton, Ph.D., LynchburgCollege

Educationto improve Environmental Literacy occurs in many learning environments,including classrooms, laboratories, and countless non-formal spaces beyondschool grounds. A significant focus among scholars of effective teaching andlearning, and among educators interested in improving environmental literacy isthe value of environmental or nature education centers in providing immersive,experiential learning environments.  InOctober, 2015, the Virginia Department of Conservation and Recreationrecognized 14 such centers as the first Virginia Centers of EnvironmentalEducation Excellence. I examine the characteristics of these centers that arenecessary to providing the highest quality learning experiences, the evidencethat quality outdoor educational experiences improve learning in many subjects,their contributions to Virginia’s education landscape, and the challenges tomore wide-spread utilization of this mode of education by Virginia schools.

Session3:ExecutiveOrder #42 – Environmental Literacy in the Commonwealth

Moderator:Mike Foreman, Director – Office ofEnvironmental Education, Virginia DCR

·       ExecutiveOrder #42 – Environmental Literacy in the Commonwealth

Suzie Gilley, Project WildCoordinator, Virginia DGIF

Greg Eaton, Director, ClaytorNature Center, Lynchburg College

Tim Cole, Sustainability Officer,Virginia Beach City Schools

ExecutiveOrder #42, signed by Governor McAuliffe in April 2015, is titled “Establishingthe Environmental Literacy Challenge.” This Executive Order is designed tocomplement the efforts of the recently signed 2014 Chesapeake Bay agreement.These 2 documents outline a comprehensive strategy to advance environmentalliteracy in the Commonwealth of Virginia and the entire Bay watershed and tocontinue to stress the importance of getting children outside by engaging inMeaningful Watershed Educational Experiences (MWEE). For Virginia, thisExecutive Order supports the idea that Virginia students graduate with theknowledge and skills to make informed environmental decisions and that theeducators responsible for their instruction have access to sustainedprofessional development opportunities, tools, and resources. Also, thateducators are recognized for superior teaching. Additionally, the buildings and grounds support positive human healthoutcomes. This panel will discuss our progress this past year in implementingthe challenges outlined in the Order.

Environmental Management
Session1:Striving for Sustainability Through Beyond Compliance Approaches

Moderator: TBD

·        Lessons from a Sustainable Service Provider

Jessica Owen, GIS Technician, Marstel-Day LLC

Marstel-Day, LLC is a socially and environmentally progressive company that is deeply committed to integrating green practices into the company’s projects and operations. To develop and implement a robust, company-wide culture of sustainability and green practices, in 2008 we created a Green Vision Council (GVC) which has enabled us to implement a comprehensive arc of environmental stewardship initiatives. We believe that the GVC framework is both cost effective and replicable by other companies and organizations.  Key GVC attributes are: (1) company employees volunteer to take responsibility to carry out internal green initiatives; (2) employees rotate off the committee every 6 months and new staff members join; (3) all offices are involved - including Fredericksburg, Richmond, and Alexandria, Virginia; and (4) the GVC includes employees from all aspects of company operations – Projects, IT, HR, supply and purchasing – thereby ensuring cross-functionality and representation.

·        Beyond Compliance: A Review of Virginia Environmental Success Stories

Morgan Goodman, Environmental Specialist, Virginia DEQ

Business operations in Virginia can have significant environmental impacts, but how can they go beyond regulatory compliance and why would they choose to?  DEQ’s Office of Pollution Prevention (P2) has a unique perspective on what it takes to be a success story and the benefits of doing so. P2 staff has seen firsthand how many approaches there are to implementing environmental programs and what underlying factors are indicators of success. Incorporating information from the Virginia Environmental Excellence Program (VEEP), Governor’s Environmental Excellence Awards, and P2 Case Studies, key program factors for strengthening environmental management were identified. When a strong environmental program is in place, businesses can manage environmental risks, reduce costs, participate in voluntary programs, and engage stakeholders. Staff, community members, and regulators recognize businesses that are motivated to go beyond regulatory compliance.  

·        Engaging Businesses through Businesses for the Bay

Corinne Stephens, Business Partnerships Manager, Alliance for the Chesapeake Bay 

Businesses can play a critical role in protecting and restoring the Chesapeake Bay and its watershed. Businesses for the Bay, a partnership of the Alliance for the Chesapeake Bay and the business community, is a membership association providing the Chesapeake business community with a unique opportunity to network, be recognized, and motivate employees. The mission of Businesses for the Bay is to encourage businesses, both large and small, to find voluntary, innovative, and measurable solutions to improve water quality and the health of the Chesapeake Bay, and to raise public understanding of the valuable role these business members play in the Bay restoration. In 2014 and 2015, the Alliance for the Chesapeake Bay held the first Chesapeake Business Forums to open a dialogue with businesses across the Chesapeake Bay watershed and inform design of the new Businesses for the Bay program. My presentation will discuss the findings from these Chesapeake Business Forums and present the new Businesses for the Bay program, including actions that businesses can take to protect and restore the Chesapeake Bay watershed, and the benefits and details of Businesses for the Bay membership and sponsorship.

Session 2: Stormwater Management Case Studies

Moderator: Ellen Graap Loth, Senior Environmental Scientist, Cardno

·        Evaluation of Publicly Maintained Bioretention Facilities

Christopher Mueller, Project Manager, Fairfax County Stormwater Management Division

Bioretention is one of the most widely used Low Impact Development (LID)-based stormwater management practices in Fairfax County, VA. To ensure the optimum performance of these facilities, they need to be adequately designed, built, inspected, and maintained. The purpose of this study was to develop a protocol to assess the construction quality, performance and maintenance state of bioretention facilities early on in their functional life. In partnership with the Northern Virginia Soil and Water Conservation District, the Fairfax County Department of Public Works and Environmental Services, Maintenance and Stormwater Management Division, used the protocol to evaluate 90 publicly-maintained bioretention facilities in Fairfax County. All facilities were designed according to local and state design criteria, permitted by the county, and receive credit towards mandatory pollutant reductions. As part of the study, existing structural specifications such as ponding depth, facility footprint, soil media depth and soil media hydrodynamic properties, among others, were evaluated. An inventory of the existing plants, comparison with the original planting plan, and the dominant invasive and volunteer plants was prepared. Lack of construction compliance with the original design was one of the main findings of this study. The study makes recommendations on how to improve construction oversight and compliance with the original design at the time of construction.

·        Nutrient Management and MS4 Compliance at the Northern Virginia Community Colleges

Sara Rilveria, Landscape Architect, EEE Consulting, Inc.

Stacey Moulds, Senior Environmental Scientist, Obsidian, Inc.

Northern Virginia Community College (NOVA) offers a quality and convenient educational experience at an affordable price. Four of the NOVA campuses (Alexandria, Annandale, Loudoun and Woodbridge) have a Phase II General Permit for the Discharge of Stormwater from Small Municipal Separate Storm Sewer Systems (MS4). NOVA implements an MS4 Program Plan that includes best management practices (BMPs) to address six minimum control measures (MCMs) and special conditions for the Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs) where NOVA has been assigned a wasteload allocation (WLA), including the Chesapeake Bay TMDL. The Chesapeake Bay TMDL and the Virginia Phase I Watershed Implementation Plan (WIP) requires "that all state agencies, state colleges and universities, ? that own land upon which fertilizer, manure, sewage sludge or other compounds containing nitrogen or phosphorus are applied to support agricultural, turf, plant growth, or other uses shall develop and implement a nutrient management plan (NMP) for such land." DEQ issued a new MS4 General Permit on July 1, 2013 that requires MS4 operators to develop NMPs where nutrients are applied to a contiguous area greater than one acre. NOVA recently updated their NMP's for each campus based on the Virginia DCR Virginia Nutrient Management Standards and Criteria (Revised July 2014. Based on the soil test results, current turf conditions, the intensity of use, and overall visibility and aesthetic considerations, Nutrient Management Areas (NMA) at each campus were established. The number of nutrient management areas was kept to a minimum to facilitate effective management and still protect water quality and maintain healthy turf. The NMPs included detailed maps and recommendations for the NMAs at each campus including a general description of the condition of each area, the size of the area, annual nitrogen (N), phosphorous (P), and potassium (K) fertilization recommendations, and general liming considerations. Like most public facilities the campuses have turf areas where there is ineffective groundcover, including turfgrass. Areas where there is ineffective groundcover have been temporarily removed from active nutrient management until such time as corrective measures can be completed to either establish suitable turf or implement other landscape solutions (groundcovers, hardscape, etc.).

Session 3: UAV Flight Demonstration

Moderator: Harry Gregori, President, Gregori Consulting, LLC

·        UAV Flight Demonstration

Scott Strimple, CEO, Virginia UAS

Robert Klenke, Ph.D., Virginia Commonwealth University

William Shuart, VCU Rice Rivers Center and Center for Environmental Studies

This panel will demonstrate operating capabilities of a UAV (in limited area) and discuss applications. Information on UAV types, lifting capacity,range, GPS characteristics, special sensors and training needs will be discussed.

Session 4: Beneficial Use Drones (UAV's) for the Environment

Moderator: Harry Gregori, President, Gregori Consulting, LLC

·        Beneficial Use Drones (UAV’s) for the Environment

Scott Strimple, CEO, Virginia UAS

Robert Klenke, Ph.D., Virginia Commonwealth University

William Shuart, VCU Rice Rivers Center and Center for Environmental Studies

Problem: Increasing need to monitor environmental factors or significant aspects (ISO14001:2015) (wetlands, pipelines, smokestacks, utilities, property security) as well as associated risk including emergency service response (fire, police, medical) present opportunities to reduce the cost of monitoring, and increase capabilities to manage environmental resources. The purpose of this session is to share information with participants regarding UAV capabilities, the regulatory environment, and discuss the future of UAVs. Videos will be utilized to demonstrate examples of UAV applications. NOTE: An associated session is proposed for flight demonstration at a separate time and location. Scope of Work Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) provides significant opportunities to monitor environmental resources, assets and reduce risk. The current regulatory environment has caused confusion within the UAV (air) and UV (unmanned vehicle - air, water, land) communities. This session will inform participants of the current state of UAV operations and management; distinguish operations (Operational Sectors) associated with high level predatory type vehicles (military focus), the hobbyist, and focus on applications for units of government, business and industry. Geographic Orientation The focus of the presentation will be on opportunities in Virginia. Problem Solving Approach Information regarding UAV (aka Drones) is not consistent across Operational Sectors with much of the media focus on military operations and the unfortunate hobbyist miscalculations. Two respected experts in Virginia will present information based on their knowledge and skills associated with regulations, research and operations. Results As a result of the differential coverage and understanding of UAV (Drones) capabilities, attendees will have a greater understanding of the beneficial use of UAV's for the environment (and rules, perceptions) for government, business and industrial focused applications. Implication of Results Many business, industry and units of government want to pursue use of UAV technology but are unsure of operational environment, rules and liability. Emergency response personnel may find great advantage using UAVs. This session will allow participants to evaluate and develop a path forward.

Session 5: Farm Manure-to-Energy Initiative:  Using Excess Poultry Litter to Generate Renewable Energy and New Sources of Revenue for Farmers in High-Density Animal Production Regions of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

Moderator: Kristen Hughes Evans, M.S., Executive Director, Sustainable Chesapeake

·        Farm Manure-to-Energy Initiative:  Using Excess Poultry Litter to Generate Renewable Energy and New Sources of Revenue for Farmers in High-Density Animal Production Regions of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed

John Ignosh, M.S., Virginia Tech - Department of Biological Systems Engineering

Mark Reiter, Ph.D., Virginia Tech - Eastern Shore Agricultural Research and Extension Center

Glenn Rodes, Owner, Riverhill Farm 

The Farm Manure-to-Energy Initiative has been working to evaluate the feasibility of using excess poultry litter as a fuel to provide heat to poultry housing and new sources of revenue for poultry litter nutrients.  Project partners installed four technologies on five farms in the region.  Technologies were evaluated for technical, environmental and financial feasibility. Panelists (including project partners from the environmental, cooperative extension, agronomy, and poultry industry sectors) will discuss the results of the project, focusing on the opportunities and challenges associated with widespread adoption of these technologies.

Session 6: Creating an Urban Landscape That Enhances Environment and Community

Moderator: Adele Ashkar, FASLA, Associate Dean for Academic Excellence, GW College of Professional Studies

·     Creating an Urban Landscape That Enhances Environment and Community

Lauren E. Wheeler, LEED AP, Program Director and Faculty, Landscape Design & Sustainable Landscapes Programs, GW College of Professional Studies

Linette Straus, ASLA, Professional Practice Manager, American Society of Landscape Architects

The George Washington University envisions a future with resource systems that are healthy and thriving for all.  This panel presentation details the efforts of one University in three areas related to formulating policy and implementing a campus environment that fulfills this vision.

In 2009, the GW Office of Sustainability published the GW Ecosystems Enhancement Strategy based on input from internal and external stakeholders to integrate sustainability into academics, research, practice, and outreach.  The Strategy addresses the university’s impact and dependence on resource systems on campus, in the Chesapeake Bay eco-region, and globally.  It provides a framework for specific action plans such as a zero waste plan, climate action plan, and water plan.

Currently a cross-functional team of faculty, staff, and students are working on Sustainable Landscapes Guidelines. This document will encourage campus planning that addresses the six goals of the Strategy.  The Guidelines provide an analysis of the physical condition of the campus landscape as well as social and behavioral aspects of the use of outdoor space by students, faculty, staff and neighbors. The Guidelines build a regenerative design approach for the campus landscape.

GW’s Square 80 Plaza is a Sustainable Sites Initiative (SITES®) certified pilot project. The SITES program for sustainable landscape development, administered by the Green Business Certification, Inc. (GBCI), provides tools, guidelines and performance benchmarks for ecologically resilient landscapes that measure performance in the economic, environmental, and social dimensions of sustainability. Square 80 Plaza is a powerful example of sustainable design; it advances the goals of GW’s Ecosystem Enhancement Strategy in measurable ways while providing much-needed green open space in a highly urban context.

Session 7: Environmental Management Case Studies

Moderator: TBD

·        Advantages of Artificial Turf Closure Cap at Louisa County Landfill

Richard Brown, P.E., Senior Technical Consultant, Joyce Engineering, Inc.

Louisa County considered several options for capping their 14-acre unlined landfill. The option with the lowest initial cost was a conventional clay cap for $2.1M. The County decided to invest an additional $300,000 (14%) for an innovative, first in Virginia, structured geomembrane/artificial turf (SGAT) cap system which has several long-term economic advantages. First, the SGAT system allows an addition 2.0 ft of waste (45,000 cy) to be placed within the permitted airspace limits by eliminating the conventional 18-inch infiltration and 6-inch vegetative support layers at a value of $1.5M. Second, the Owner will save about $100,000/year on maintenance because there will be no mowing, slope erosion repair, or sediment removal from ditch at base of slope. Third, since the closure area side slopes are already lined with 50-mil LLDPE geomembrane, there will be savings on future piggyback expansion lining. The SGAT system components at Louisa include a structured geomembrane barrier with spikes on the lower side to provide frictional resistance with the intermediate cover soil subgrade and studs on the top side to provided stormwater drainage. The artificial turf product installed over the geomembrane is a woven geotextile on the lower side with artificial turf strands on the top side. Concrete sand was spread and brushed into the turf surface to provide ballast. Diversion berms, downslope drainage channels, and stormwater conveyance channels were lined with a sand/cement grout to resist erosion from stormwater. Surficial landfill gas is collected in strips installed below the geomembrane and vented through passive gas vents on spacing no greater than one per acre. The end result is an aesthetically pleasing, uniformly green, maintenance-free closure cap surface that is warranted for 20 years.

·         An Adaptive Management Strategy for Reducing PCBs in Storm Water at a Manufacturing Facility

Currie Mixon, Senior Engineer, GEI Consultants, Inc.

Robert Wallace, Senior Environmental Engineer, ABB

PCBs can be ubiquitous in the built environment.  Due to their chemical stability and tendency to sorb, PCBs have a strong tendency to bioaccumulate.  Hence, risk-based water quality criteria related to these compounds tend to be very low.  Specifically,  water quality criteria can be  close to method detection limits - in units of picograms per liter, which are six to nine orders of magnitude lower than other common pollutants in storm water.  These issues make this class of compounds particularly difficult to mitigate economically and effectively. We are presenting the framework for a systematic approach to prioritize and address PCB storm water discharges at a manufacturing facility.  The first component of this approach is to develop a conceptual site model (CSM) that allows for identifying the contaminant transport and potential stormwater pathways. An effective CSM aids in cost-benefit analysis of targeted best management practices (BMPs) which will provide the largest reductions for the lowest cost. Future work will compare the anticipated reductions in the pollutants with the costs for implementing the BMPs such that projects can be initially prioritized.  As projects are completed, monitoring results from the storm water outfalls will allow the team to implement adaptive management practices by evaluating performance of various BMPs to target technologies that provide the largest reductions while seeking to avoid diminishing returns on investment. 

Session 8: Environmental Management: Electronics Recycling

Moderator: TBD

·        Electrokinetic Remediation Technology for Soil Contaminated by E-Waste

Jillian Leary, James Madison University

Maryam Ekbatani, James Madison University

Electronic waste (e-waste) is becoming one of the most rapidly growing environmental issues in the world (Widmer, 2007; Hester et al., 2008). This waste is often composed of both heavy metals and toxic organic matter. To avoid costly recycling methods at the end of the lifetime of an electronic device, manufacturers and consumers often times irresponsibly dump the waste. In 2007, it was found that approximately 80% of e-waste disposed of yearly eventually makes its way to a landfill; despite the presence of a landfill’s protective lining, contaminants may still leach to the surrounding areas (Wong, 2007). As a result of this, heavy metals such as lead, cadmium, chromium, nickel, plutonium, arsenic and uranium are deposited into the soil. In addition, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) make their way into the soil (Reddy et al., 2004). The aforementioned chemical species have the potential to leak into and contaminate water supplies, as well as cause infertility in soil. This may cause adverse health effects to local human and wildlife upon consumption of the water (Liulin et al., 2011).

The presences of heavy metals in soil, specifically copper, nickel, and lead, can cause significant damage to the environment and human health as a result of their mobility’s and solubility’s. The goal of this research is to relate voltage gradient and removal efficiency of Lead, Copper, and Nickel in soil to advance the understanding and application of electrokinetic technology.

The objective of this project is to investigate the effects of varying voltage gradients on removal efficiency of lead, copper, and nickel in sand and peat soils. A series of experiments with voltage gradients will be conducted.  

·        Responsible Electronics Recycling in Virginia

Michael Stegeman, Franchise Development, Securis

An average American household currently has 24 electronic devices. In Virginia homes alone, there are 70 million computers, phones, printers, and more - weighing 541,190,000 million pounds. When considering that this number doesn't include electronics used for businesses and government, the amount of equipment out there is staggering, and increasing each year. The United States produces more than 50 million tons of e-waste annually, but only a mere 15 percent of that is being responsibly recycled. At the rate that technology is evolving, the amount of electronic devices becoming obsolete will continue to grow. What happens to these devices once they're retired? Realizing this growing need, Securis has been providing secure IT recycling for companies, government agencies, and the community in Northern Virginia for more than 10 years with a 100% guarantee that nothing processed will end up in landfills. Securis recycles millions of pounds of electronics every year and has a client list that includes companies such as General Dynamics, Navy Federal Credit Union, Raytheon, and the Federal Reserve. In 2013, Securis became the first electronic recycling company to successfully franchise their business and now has 7 locations up and down the East Coast ranging from North Carolina to New Jersey, including two in Virginia. Securis also provides monthly electronics recycling events for the community in each location. This presentation will focus on why there are so few electronic devices being properly recycled in Virginia and the United States. We will look at the environmental impacts of not properly disposing electronics and the importance of residents, businesses, and local municipalities choosing a certified, responsible recycler. We'll cover what to look for when choosing an electronics recycler. We will give specific case studies of what Securis does to help organizations and individuals to properly dispose their electronic assets.

Virginia Groundwater and Water Resources

 Session 1: Remediation Processes to Address Water Quality

Moderator: Gary Davis, Corporate Environmental Programs Specialist, Smithfield Foods, Inc.

·        DMME’s Abatement of Acid Mine Drainage

Richard Davis, Abandoned Mine Land Projects Coordinator, Virginia DMME

The Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy (DMME) vigorously seeks to abate discharges of acid mine drainage (AMD) in the southwest Virginia coalfields.  TMDL reports identified AMD as the stressor on two 303d impaired streams in the Powell watershed where DMME has accomplished AMD treatment projects.  Black Creek remains impaired although VASCI scores are nearing a delisting number.  Stone Creek has been delisted following completion of AMD projects.   Reclamation fees paid by the coal industry fund DMME’s annual reclamation grant and the agency has been highly successful in partnering to secure additional funds for AMD projects.  For integrity, DMME works to secure the passive treatment systems in public ownership.  DMME has reserved grant funds for future operation and maintenance costs.  Technologies are transferrable to other AMD discharges. 

·        Right-Sizing Your Remediation in a Performance Based Remediation World

Mark MacEwan, Senior Program Director, AECOM

AECOM has successfully remediated a 4,500 feet long trichloroethene plume at the former Virginia Air National Guard Base in Sandston, Virginia under challenging subsurface conditions using a “right-sized” approach. The two keys to properly sizing the groundwater remediation were: (1) identify and remove the source, and (2) understand the subsurface conditions so that time and money was not wasted remediating “clean” groundwater.  A multi-tiered approach was used to treat the site including source removal, recirculation with a hydrogen release compound and pH buffering, and in situ injections of  zero-valent iron and/or electron donor (carbon) sources specifically tailored for the differing subsurface site conditions and geochemistry.  The remediation strategy was successful in achieving the remediation goals.

Session 2: Water Supply Planning Options and Opportunities

Moderator: Eric Lassalle, Director, Energy Initiatives, Smithfield Foods, Inc.

·        Water-Filled Mines and Quarries for Emergency Water Supply

William Lassetter, Economic Geology Section Manager, Virginia DMME

The Department of Mines, Minerals and Energy estimates there are over 220 active and inactive mines and quarries in Virginia that either currently hold or have the capacity to hold substantial quantities of water that may be tapped during emergency conditions. These conditions may include extended drought, contamination of normal drinking water supplies, the need for hazardous dust control, fire suppression, and other urban water system needs. With steep walls, limited inflow from surface drainages, and a relatively small surface footprint that minimizes evaporation, deep stone quarries and other mine excavations accumulate water mainly from groundwater recharge and rainfall. These impoundments may also serve as temporary storage for excess storm water. The geologic setting is a major factor that determines the relative quality of the impounded water and type of treatment that may be needed prior to beneficial use. A study is presently underway to assess the most important water quality parameters, water balance and storage capacity characteristics, and infrastructure that would be needed for source water protection at 5 water-filled mines representing major geologic provinces in Virginia. The key parameters identified in this study will serve as the basic data attributes for a state-wide inventory of water-filled mines and quarries. Prepared as a web-based map service, this inventory is expected to provide a valuable tool for land use planners and emergency responders.

·        Meeting 2018 Compliance Conditions for Local and Regional Water Supply Plans and Improving Data Collection

Tammy Stephenson, Program Coordinator, Virginia DEQ

DEQ is coordinating with all localities in the Commonwealth to more actively manage the Commonwealth’s water resources.  As such, DEQ would like to ensure that there is understanding of the water supply planning regulation requirements and appreciate the responsibility of local governments to meet compliance conditions.  Additionally, DEQ wants to ensure that everyone understands that there is a regulation which requires withdrawals meeting thresholds to annually report these withdrawals, information which assists with better management of Virginia’s water resources through improved data.  Further, everyone should appreciate that managing water resources for long-term sustainability is an effort for which all stakeholders must become aware and involved.

·        The Evolution of Water Resource Management in Virginia

Andrea Wortzel, Coordinator – Mission H2O, Troutman Sanders, LLP

Virginia recently finalized its State Water Resource Plan.  The plan identifies a number of challenges in Virginia, and highlights area where critical water issues are expected in the future.  Virginia has also established a collaborative framework for addressing groundwater management in Eastern Virginia.  This presentation will highlight how Virginia’s approach to water resource management is evolving, and what that means for industrial, agricultural and municipal water users.

Session 3: Groundwater Management through Modeling and Permitting

Moderator: Scott Kudlas, Director, Office of Water Supply, Virginia DEQ

·        Use of the Regional Groundwater Flow Model for Groundwater Resource Allocation

Britt McMillan, Principal Geologist, Arcadis

2014 was a hallmark year for groundwater resource management in Virginia, with the Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) adopting new Groundwater Withdrawal regulations as well as applying a new groundwater model for resource allocation. Redefining the 80% drawdown criterion in the regulations coupled with changes implemented in the new model has resulted in significantly reducing the amount of groundwater available for permitted use in the Coastal Plain of Virginia. The impetus for these changes was the long-standing recognition that permitted groundwater withdrawals are over allocated in the Coastal Plain: if all groundwater users pumped at their full permitted rights, there would likely be significant impacts to the groundwater resource. Under the new regulatory definitions and use of the new groundwater model, DEQ has determined that current permitted withdrawals need to be reduced by about 57 MGD to approach sustainable conditions. However, as will be demonstrated, the changes introduced in 2014 may unnecessarily restrict groundwater use. A reduction in permitted withdrawals substantially less than the current target can still meet a sustainable goal. The original 80% drawdown criterion was based on the amount of groundwater above the top of the aquifer available for drawdown, requiring 20% remain available to protect from aquifer dewatering. While the new definition simplified calculation of the 80% criterion, it disconnected the criterion from a relatable groundwater availability metric. This results in creation of "critical areas" that never met and can never meet the criterion. The new groundwater model is a significant improvement over the original model used for resource allocation. While model calibration has demonstrated the improved accuracy, the added use of the Hydrogeologic Unit Flow (HUF) approach to assess withdrawal impacts now over-predict drawdown by over 35-feet in some areas in both the thick Potomac and overlying thinner aquifers, where less than one-foot of change can define an acceptable withdrawal. Several easily implemented approaches will be outlined that can correct the over predicted impacts that unnecessarily restrict withdrawals while maintaining a sustainable groundwater resource.

·        Facilitating Change Through GW Withdrawal Permitting in VA’s Coastal Plain

Craig Nicol, Program Manager, Virginia DEQ

For the Commonwealth to successfully manage groundwater resources in the Coastal Plain, all Virginians must recognize their role as active stakeholders in identifying and solving groundwater issues.  Resource issues present challenges, but with a shift in perspective, they can also provide motivation for increased stakeholder participation along the path to better outcome. With greater collaboration, flexibility, and creativity, we can jointly create practical solutions and achievable improvements to the state of groundwater within Virginia.

·        Managing Coastal Plain GW: An Innovative Solution to Understand Unregulated Water Use

Curt Thomas, Program Coordinator, Virginia DEQ

Virginia continues to experience declining groundwater levels due to the extensive demand on its aquifer system in the Coastal Plain. While DEQ monitors permitted water use, a large portion of unregulated water use (mainly private residential wells) remained unknown. Understanding unregulated water use is important so that groundwater level gains from permitted reductions are not compromised due to growth in the private sector. Thus, DEQ, VDH, and the well drilling community collaborated to find a mutually beneficial solution to address this missing piece of water data. DEQ and VDH used stakeholder feedback from the well drilling community to complete two major initiatives: (1) created a joint, GW-2/Unified Water Well Completion Report and (2) developed an online registration platform for well submissions to both agencies. The online well submission process is designed to add value for well drillers affected by the new regulation, improve coordination between two state agencies with common goals, and improve data collection of unregulated water use to better manage Virginia’s water resources.

Session 4: Groundwater Best Practices and Geology

Moderator: Bill Gill, AVP Environmental Affairs, Smithfield Foods, Inc.

·        Reducing Bacteria Contamination through Best Management Practices in a Virginia Watershed

Ram Gupta, Ph.D., Virginia DEQ

Water resource agencies have identified the need to evaluate and inform the public on the impact of implementing best management practices (BMPs) on water quality status. Bacteria are identified as a common contamination source in surface waters  across the Commonwealth. Implementing various BMPs in the Carter Run watershed has shown significant reductions in pollutant loading and a decline in bacteria criterion violation rates. The Carter Run watershed, located in Fauquier County, Virginia, is a part of the Upper Rappahannock River Basin in the Chesapeake Bay watershed. The watershed (approximately 35,580 acres) is comprised of forest (63%), agricultural (35%), and residential (2%) land uses. A portion of Carter Run was placed on the Commonwealth of Virginia’s impaired waters list in 1998 due to violation of State’s water quality standards for fecal coliform. A bacteria Total Maximum Daily Load (TMDL) for Carter Run was completed in 2005. An implementation plan developed with input from stakeholders and government agencies, led to initiation of an implementation project in 2006 in the Carter Run watershed.

BMP implementation has resulted in a considerable number of agricultural and residential BMPs being installed from 2007 through 2015. These BMPs include: (i) agricultural practices - 290,326 linear feet (55 miles) of livestock stream exclusion fencing, 198 acres of riparian buffer, 93 acres of harvestable cover crops and 81 acres of permanent vegetative cover on cropland, and (ii) residential practices - 95 septic tank system pump-outs, 28 septic system repairs, and seven septic system installations or replacements. These BMPs have resulted in significant reductions in bacteria, nitrogen, phosphorous and sediment loadings. The water quality data collected from 2003 through 2015 at a long-term trend monitoring station in the watershed indicates a significant decrease in violation rate of the E. coli single sample maximum criterion.   The project demonstrates positive impacts from watershed based planning, commitment of long-term funding, and a partnership between government agencies, local stakeholders and landowners to implement conservation practices and improve land use management and local water quality conditions.    

·        Geologic controls on sinkholes in the Virginia Valley and Ridge

Matthew Heller, Geology Manager, Virginia DMME

Sinkholes are a natural part of many karst landscapes in western Virginia, and can develop in any area that is underlain by carbonate bedrock.  The abundance of sinkholes varies greatly depending upon geologic factors.    Understanding these factors is important because sinkholes are primary pathways for ground-water recharge into karst aquifers.  Geologic mapping in the Interstate 81 Corridor by the Virginia Department of Mines, Minerals, and Energy, supported by the National Cooperative Geologic Mapping Program, has allowed for the observation of sinkholes within the context of bedrock type, bedding orientation and thickness, and position relative to fault traces, fold axial traces, and unconsolidated alluvial and colluvial deposits.  Field observations suggest that all of these factors influence the development of sinkholes.   The recent availability of digital orthophotography and LiDAR has improved our ability to identify and map sinkholes.  Overlaying identified sinkholes onto geologic maps in a geographic information system allows for a more rigorous testing of observed relationships.  An analysis for four quadrangles in the Interstate 81 Corridor is ongoing, and preliminary results will be presented.

·        Developing a Groundwater Remediation Strategy for Industrial Facilities in Karst

Mike Hall, PG, Senior Managing Scientist, O’Brien & Gere

Developing a remedial strategy in karst is difficult enough, developing one at an active industrial site adds another layer of complexity.  The presentation will address some of the significant challenges, and provide recommendations for how to develop a successful remediation strategy to overcome them.   A successful strategy in karst is often far different from the strategy typically applied at a more conventional site.  The presentation will provide lessons-learned from work at industrial facilities at a variety of locations in karst.   

Session 5: Water Conservation Case Studies

Moderator: Keith Bailey, Director, Environmental Control Technologies, Smithfield Foods, Inc.

·        Protecting Virginia’s Water 3 Ways: Pollution Prevention, Reuse and Conservation

Jill Rowen, Sales Manager, Griswold Water Systems

Cooling towers are usually the most efficient and environmentally responsible way to dump heat from a building or process. They are also prime for improving the overall sustainability of a building.  Eliminating chemicals from the water treatment process prevents these pollutants from entering the air and discharge water.  Chemical-free discharge water can bypass an overloaded waste water treatment plant, and be reused for such purposes as landscaping and toilet flushing.  Finally, system improvements can allow up to 25% reduction in the potable water used to operate the tower.

·        A New Wetlands Water Budget Model

Michael Rolband, President, Wetland Studies and Solutions, Inc.

Many wetlands restoration and creation failures occur due to hydrology issues. An improved water budget methodology could reduce this failure rate. Three water budget modeling methods dominate current industry practices. The most commonly used water budget model in industry practice in Virginia is the "Pierce Method". While this method has resulted in numerous successful mitigation projects, areas of improvement have been noted. Specifically, it cannot model all sloped wetlands, it does not account for extremely high roughness and resulting very slow flow of a water through a wetlands system at low water depths, the soil characteristic parameter is limited to a permeability assumption, other soil characteristics are not accounted for, groundwater driven systems can be modeled to a very limited degree, with a Type II rainfall distribution, the volume of run off may be overestimated, and the general reliance of this approach on developing a dense and impermeable base layer often runs counter to soil reconstruction and plant rooting needs, which frequently leads to the development of perched hydrologic conditions that are quite different from the more typical endoaquic conditions common to many impact sites. The scope of our work was to develop the first water budget model that combines the best facets of all known models and create a windows-based computer program that is user friendly with an instruction manual. Called WetBud, this software will include a library of historic rainfall data for all NOAA stations in Virginia and designation of which years should be selected as "dry", "typical", and "wet", modeling of sloped wetlands, modeling of groundwater inflows, the ability to account for existing ditching and/or the filling of ditching, the abiliity to account for topsoil and subsoil characteristics, ability to incorporate overbank flow from adjacent stream systems, an input/output report that is suitable for submission to regulatory agencies and inclusion in mitigation plans. The sofware can be used by regulators to check mitigation design and practioners during the design process with the goal of improving the wetland hydrology analysis to ensure a successful mitigation site is created and/or restored.

·        Water Conservation Best Practices at a Manufacturing Facility

Ruth Debrito, Corporate Environmental Management System Coordinator, Smithfield Foods, Inc.

The presentation will focus on looking at ways to save water, and success stories, including water reuse, looping single-pass cooling systems and nozzles selection in equipment.  The discussion will include water savings in costs, and gallons.  It will help to support and implement return on investments for the projects being considered.  By sharing successes, trials and ideas, any industry can benefit and help improve the environment.   

Session 6: Sustainable Water Recycling: Protecting Virginia’s Future

Moderator:Ted Henifin, P.E., General Manager, Hampton Roads Sanitation Dept.

·        Sustainable Water Recycling: Protecting Virginia’s Future

Jamie Mitchell, Chief of Technical Services, Hampton Roads Sanitation Dept.

Dan Holloway, P.G., Senior Project Manager/Hydrogeologist, CH2M

Ed Snyder, P.E., B.C.E.E., Vice President, CH2M

David Jurgens, City of ChesapeakeThe residents of Hampton Roads send approximately 150 million gallons of water to Hampton Roads Sanitation District (HRSD) each day. HRSD cleans this water to exacting standards and returns it safely to area waterways. The cost to clean water is rising as new regulatory requirements are implemented to address current and future environmental goals. HRSD has long sought more sustainable uses for the valuable clean water it produces. To that end, HRSD commissioned a study to investigate the feasibility of applying additional treatment processes to the water HRSD currently returns to the environment to bring it to levels that exceed drinking water quality, then using that water to meet the groundwater supply needs of current and future generations throughout eastern Virginia. Groundwater in eastern Virginia is currently being utilized at an unsustainable rate, jeopardizing not only continued water supply but also contributing to land subsidence and saltwater contamination of the aquifer. HRSD modeled the effect of pumping 120 million gallons of drinking quality water daily into the Potomac aquifer at several HRSD plant locations in southeastern Virginia. The results show a positive impact on nearly the entire Potomac aquifer, increasing pressures west to the Fall Zone, as far north as Maryland and south beyond the North Carolina border. The increased pressure along the coast would also inhibit salt water contamination and could slow or even reverse land subsidence. The modeled increase in water supply can support all existing permits for groundwater use, with capacity to allow future withdrawals practically anywhere within the Eastern Virginia Groundwater Management Area. The advanced cleaning processes to be used by HRSD to exceed drinking water standards will produce water that both protects human health and closely matches the chemistry of the water already in the aquifer. Treating water to match aquifer chemistry has been done successfully for decades throughout the world, and since the late 1980s at Southeast Virginia’s Chesapeake Aquifer Storage and Recovery facility. Representatives from HRSD and the City of Chesapeake will be present to discuss HRSD’s sustainable water recycling initiative and Chesapeake’s experiences with treating and returning water to the aquifer.

Mixed Topics

Session1:AddressingCommunity Needs through Stormwater Restoration

Moderator:Kristen Hughes Evans, Executive Director, SustainableChesapeake

·       AddressingCommunity Needs through Stormwater Restoration

Nissa Dean, Virginia StateDirector, Alliance for the Chesapeake Bay

Robert Henry, Executive Director,Building Youth for Success

Elizabeth Nellums, Manager,Chesapeake Bay Programs, National Fish and Wildlife Foundation

Accordingto the U.S. EPA, stormwater pollution from urban and suburban landscapesaccounts for 15 percent of the nitrogen pollution flowing into the ChesapeakeBay, and it is the only source of pollution in the watershed that is stillincreasing.  Costs for treatingstormwater to meet local and regional total maximum daily load or permitrequirements is high and these investments compete with other high prioritycommunity needs, like economic development , public health, and education.  This panel will focus on strategies forimplementing urban stormwater pollution prevention projects that provide directbenefits to the communities in which they are located. Panelists fromenvironmental, youth group, and funder organizations will provide examples ofprojects that are addressing these dual environmental and community goals andshare ideas for expanding this approach throughout the region. 

Session2:Regionaland Community-Based Environmental Projects


·       MappingSustainable Development Networks in the Shenandoah Valley

Rob Alexander, Ph.D., JamesMadison University

Caitlyn Roth, UndergraduateResearch Associate, James Madison University

Lexi Quinn, UndergraduateResearch Associate, James Madison University

Presenterswill share the results of a network analysis of companies, organizations, andagencies in the Shenandoah Valley that self-identify as engaging in some aspectof 'sustainable development' work. Findings include a demographic breakdown of organizational size, sector,mission, and identify as well as a network map of which organization works withone another.  Implications regardingbarriers and opportunities for further collaborative work will be discussed.

·       Envisionthe James: Community-Supported, Evidence-Based Conservation

Regan Gifford, OutreachCoordinator, Chesapeake Conservancy

Conor Phelan, ConservationAnalyst, Chesapeake Conservancy

Thissession will focus on the connection between community conservationneeds/desires and the new, accessible technologies, data and tools that can beused to help realize their vision. This session will feature results fromEnvision the James' community outreach; discuss how various technologies anddatasets are being used to inform and accomplish community-based conservationactions; and share how land trusts may access and incorporate this data intotheir own work.

·       YorkRiver Maritime Heritage National Marine Sanctuary Project

Michael Steen, EducationDirector, The Watermen’s Museum

Howdo you preserve nationally significant historic shipwrecks while enhancing thedevelopment of recreational access and use, while also promoting thesustainable practice of the livelihood of the Watermen of the Chesapeake Bay?The York River Maritime Heritage National Marine Sanctuary nomination team isworking on solving this problem by developing extensive partnerships within thetidewater Virginia community. Working with regional partners the team willfacilitate conducting geo resource and archeological survey of the 40 + shipsremaining within the Yorktown Shipwrecks national register site. This data willbe used to develop a shared marine resource management plan that will protectand maintain this vital shared community resource. The model plan will helpdevelop state, regional, and national marine sanctuary principles forcooperative resource use that can be applied within the Chesapeake Bay andother marine communities.

Session3:BrownfieldsRevitalization and Total Project Integration

Moderator:J. Meade R. Anderson, CPG, Brownfields &VRP Program Manager, Virginia DEQ

·       BrownfieldsRevitalization and Total Project Integration

Marty Reif, TechnologyFellow/Project Manager, CH2M

Jim Thornhill, J.D.,McGuireWoods, LLP

Jeff Woodward, P.G., CPG, SeniorProject Manager, CH2M

NorthernVirginia developers and local governments have led the state in the use ofVirginia’s Brownfields and Voluntary Remediation Programs as a redevelopmenttool to enhance real estate values and to provide assurance to lenders andfuture purchasers by completing environmental cleanup closely integrated withtheir redevelopment plans.  The resultingprojects have resulted in numerous high value commercial and residentialproperties and buildings.  In addition tothe more commercial and residential developments, unique approaches haveallowed for the construction of parks, recreational fields, and nutrientmanagement structures needed for the area. The development of these amenitiesand infrastructure has resulted in enhanced environmental outcomes whichattract additional economic development and allow for further concentrated landuse thus preserving greenspace. 

Session4:Protectingand Accessing Recreational Waterways and Land


·       Collaboratingto Increase Public River Access

Justin Doyle, CommunityConservation Manager, James River Association

John Davy, Outdoor RecreationPlanner, National Park Service, Chesapeake Bay Office

TheNational Park Service Chesapeake Bay Office in collaboration with the BayStates and District of Columbia developed the Chesapeake Bay Watershed PublicAccess Plan with the intention of expanding public recreational accessthroughout the bay watershed.  This planis being used to help meet the Bay Program goal of 300 new public access sitesby 2025. Local governments, state agencies, and other partners are essential toachieving this goal. The National Park Service's partnership with the nonprofitJames River Association has yielded on the ground results in recent years.Nearly 20 new sites have opened throughout the James River watershed since 2012as a result of collaboration with the James River Association and partners fromthe Alleghany Highlands to Fort Monroe. This presentation will provide anoverview of the Chesapeake Bay Watershed Access Plan and successful examples ofcollaboration to expand public river access in the James River watershed.

·       VirginiaWater Trails

Janit Llewellyn Allen, Planningand Recreation Resources Division Planner, Virginia DCR

Watertrails are one of Virginia’s priority outdoor recreation destinations.  The dynamics of this diverse recreationalopportunity and how it has proven a positive economic contributor. Learn aboutopportunities for partnering to get community residents and visitors outdoors –on the water.  Hear how a few watertrails have evolved through combined local, corporate and citizen initiatives.

·       VirginiaTreasures Program

Danette Poole, Director, Planningand Recreation Resources Division, Virginia DCR

TheVirginia Treasures Program was initiated by Governor McAuliffe in 2015 toemphasize stewardship and to recognize land conservation and outdoor recreationachievements across Virginia.  VirginiaTreasures will be the scorecard by which the McAuliffe administration measuressuccess at protecting land, water and recreational space. The goal is toidentify, conserve and protect at least 1,000 treasures by the end of thegovernor's term.  This presentation willprovide an overview of program criteria and a discussion of examples of varioustypes of “Treasures”.

Session5:Breakingthe Green Ceiling

Moderator:Chante Coleman, Field Director, Choose CleanWater Coalition

·       Breakingthe Green Ceiling

Mariah Davis, Hampton RoadsOrganizer, Virginia Conservation Network

Harrison Wallace, Hampton RoadsOrganizer, Chesapeake Climate Action Network

Green2.0 released a report titled, “The State of Diversity in EnvironmentalOrganizations,” which concluded that there is an overwhelmingly white ‘GreenInsiders’ Club evidenced in the racial composition of environmentalorganizations and agencies not breaking the 12% to 16% green ceiling.  Now that this report is staring us all in theface, the crucial question becomes, what are we going to do about it?  Environmental organizations are all stretchedincredibly thin with little capacity to work on anything “extra,” even reallyimportant things like diversity.  Duringthis work shop, we will start a dialogue about why diversity is important andwhat diversity means in your organization. The panel of speakers will discuss what the Chesapeake Bay non-profitsare doing to promote diversity, including specific policies, programs, andinitiatives.  The workshop will concludewith a discussion about how our community continues to work toward becomingmore diverse and inclusive. 

Session6:NativePlants and Algae: What Can They Do for Us?


·       Optimizationof a Novel Algae Oil Harvesting Strategy for Renewable Biofuels

Hannah Aloumouati, James MadisonUniversity

Victoria Foster, James MadisonUniversity

Alexander Macfarlane, JamesMadison University

Algaebiofuels have attracted considerable attention from the U.S. Department ofEnergy (DOE) because of their potential to provide clean, renewable fuel thatdoes not interfere with the global food supply. However, the DOE’s NationalAlgal Biofuels Technology Roadmap identifies two main problem areas that needto be overcome for algae biofuels to become economically viable: large-scalealgae production and efficient algae harvesting. This project focuses on theoptimization of a novel, energy efficient and cost effective algae harvestingmethod. This method was developed through a public-private partnership betweenJames Madison University and Wholesome Energy of Edinburgh, VA. This processuses high shear mixing to break down algae cell membranes in the presence of apowerful non-polar solvent in order to facilitate migration of oil into thesolvent phase. The algae oil is then purified from the solvent and the solventis recycled back into the extraction process. Through this optimization of theharvesting system, we strive to make algae biofuels more competitive in theglobal energy market.

·       NativePlants for Security, Environment and Health

KathrynPeterson-Lambert, Effortless Language, Planting Culture and Class      

The15 minute brief presentation gives an overview which details some of thenon-traditional uses of Native Plants with a discussion of a few specificnative plants and their habitat for security that can be provided. Overheadslide (computer) presentation displaying some of the native plants for sampleuses will be part of discussion. Includes a native plant sample from VMI;sBotanical department archives. Discusses the use of Native Plants in publicareas, highway easement, their potential and discussion of the minimum amountof other resources needed for their upkeep. Time allotment will be allowed forquestions. Plant samples will be available for display.