EN209 - American Literature

emersonPrimarily for Students of EN 209

The websites listed here contain a variety of material on American literature, including bibliographies, biographies, and critical essays.

General Resources

  • Voice of the Shuttle: American Literature - An excellent starting point for research on American literature, with links to American writers from Jonathan Edwards and Phillis Wheatley to Philip Roth and Kathy Acker.


  • Literary Resources -- American (by Jack Lynch, Upenn) 


  • Perspectives in American Literature--A Research and Reference Guide - Paul P. Reuben of California State University Stanislaus provides a massive bibliography on American literature and authors, organized chronologically and including an appendix for special subjects like "Film Criticism and American Literature" and "The Theme of Alienation and Initiation." For an alphabetical list of all the individual authors covered, click here.


  • The Jamestown Rediscovery Archaeological Project - Created by the Association for the Preservation of Virginia Antiquities, this site provides information on the archaeological study of the earliest English settlement in America.


  • American Literature Hypertexts 


  • A Digitized Library of Southern Literature: Beginnings to 1920 (with Author Biographies) 


  • American Studies, African American History and Literature 


  • Language of the Land - "Using maps and photographs from the collections of the Library of Congress (LOC), this exhibition documents the connections between America's geography and its literature. The exhibit was inspired by LOC's collection of literary maps, and it begins with several of these accompanied by quotations, such as Gertrude Stein's observation, 'In the United States there is more space where nobody is than where anybody is. That is what makes America what it is.' The remainder of the exhibition consists of four regional sections, Northeast, South, Midwest (featuring an opening quote from Jack Kerouac and a drawing that looks like Laura from Little House on the Prairie), and West." (Description by Martha Hopkins and Michael Buscher for The Scout Report)


  • African-American Poetry, 1760-1900, Bibliography 


  • Domestic Goddesses - A Web Page devoted to several women writers, beginning in the 19th century, who wrote "domestic fiction."  The list includes Louisa May Alcott, Willa Cather, Kate Chopin, Sarah Orne Jewett, Harriet Beecher-Stowe, and Edith Wharton.


  • Early Twentieth Century American Sonnets - "Perhaps Patrick Cruttwell was correct in blaming Rupert Brooke's 1914 sonnets for disenchantment with the form after the war, at least in England. Most of the noted sonneteers of the early 1900s were Americans. Included here are works by Edgar Lee Masters (1869-1950), Paul Laurence Dunbar (1872-1906) and early works of Edwin Arlington Robinson (1869-1935), Amy Lowell (1874-1925), Robert Frost (1875-1963), Sara Teasdale (1887-1933), Alan Seeger (1888-1916), Claude McKay (1890-1948), Edna St. Vincent Millay (1892-1950), and others . . . ."


  • Beat Generation Home Page 

Individual Authors

Citing Electronic Sources - A collection of links to websites with guidelines for citing material from the World Wide Web, CD-ROMs and other electronic sources.  The emphasis is on MLA format, but there is information for APA, Chicago, and Turabian, as well.